The main risks that the Company is facing and actively monitoring and managing are: (i) financial risks mainly related to market risk deriving from exposure to fluctuations in commodity prices, interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and the credit risk deriving from the possible default of a counterparty as well as the liquidity risk deriving from the risk that suitable sources of funding for the Group’s operations may not be available; (ii) the Country risk in the upstream business; (iii) risks arising from any possible development in the regulatory framework; (iv) operational risks (in particular risks deriving from exploration and production activities and those relating to HSE issues); (v) strategic risks, mainly those related to the exposure to a set of market variables which the Company has opted to retain based on strategic considerations, trends in the competitive environment, particularly in the natural gas market, and cyclicality of the oil & gas sector.
In 2012, Eni issued the Management System Guidelines “Integrated Risk Management” (IRM) aimed at providing the principles for the integrated risk management as well as for regulating each phase of the RMI process, individuating roles and responsibilities of the main actors involved (for further information see the “Risk Management” paragraph below).
Financial risks are those connected with market, credit and liquidity. Management of financial risks is based on guidelines issued centrally aiming at adapting and coordinating Eni policies on financial risks matters (“Guidelines financial risks management and control”). The basis of this policy is the pooled and integrated management of commodity risks and the development of asset backed trading activities for optimizing Eni’s exposure to such risks.